Town of Andover, MA Personal Care Sites
The Massachusetts Statewide Mass Care and Shelter Coordination Plan Toolkit describes four types of mass care and shelter operations. The four shelter types are:
- Personal Care Site
- Local-Initiated Overnight Shelters
- Local-Initiated Regional Shelters
- State-Initiated Regional Shelters
The Plan defines a Personal Care Site as a type of shelter facility that will provide temporary comfort services for shelter residents who are staying in their homes but may need assistance during emergencies for minor needs (for example, clean water, electricity, food/snacks, warming or cooling).
This document describes how Memorial Hall Library will function as the first type of care location, a Personal Care Site. Please note that there is no one term that is exclusively used for this kind of site – you will see it referred to as a Comfort Center, Warming Center, a Cooling Center, a Disaster Response Center, a Charging Station, among others. For the purposes of this document, Memorial Hall Library will be referred to as a Personal Care Site when it is used to provide refuge and services to local people during a weather or other local emergency.
Now that the Andover Youth Center is operational, with full generator capacity, it will be a more reliable location for temporary comfort services in a power emergency. A separate document detailing how the Youth Center will function as a Personal Care Site needs to be developed. Note that if there are major power outages in the area, there will be a need for multiple Personal Care Sites. Therefore, it makes sense to prioritize other locations, like MHL and the Center at Punchard, for early restoration of power.
Procedure to Designate the Library as a Personal Care Site
- Town Manager and the Emergency Management Working Group (EMWG) director become aware of the incident, emergency, or disaster
- Town Manager and the EMWG director assess the need for level of sheltering.
- Town Manager, in consultation with the EMWG director and the Library Director, make the decision to designate the Library as a Personal Care Site
- The Town Manager, the EMWG director, and the Library Director decide next steps, roles, and responsibilities in opening the Library as a Personal Care Site, for example:
- Hours of operation
- Acquiring necessary supplies if they are not on hand
- All EMWG members
- Library staff
- Town staff
- School staff
- Library Board of Trustees
- Code Red
- Andover TV
- MHL-Mail and other town email lists
- MHL and other town social networking sites
- MHL and other town web pages
- Voicemail systems
- Local media – newspapers, Andover Patch, radio
- Ask other EMWG partners for help, as needed
- Coordinate with other local partners:
- Banks for parking
- Local gyms for showering
- Local churches
- Senior Center
- Youth Center
What services should a Personal Care Site supply?
In an emergency or disaster, there is often a need for a local place where affected people can go to reclaim a bit of their routine lives. Their homes may still be livable, but they may be without power, without water, without phone service, without heat, etc. People may not need a formal shelter, but they do need a place to weather the emergency aftermath. The number of individuals using a Personal Care Site and the information gathered from these individuals can help local decision makers determine whether a local overnight shelter(s) is needed.
The aforementioned MA state Plan lists these requirements for Personal Care Sites:
- Americans with Disability Act (ADA) accessibility
- Functional needs support services (FNSS)
- Other Goods and Services, as needed
The aforementioned MA stat Plan lists these typical functions and services:
- Temporary comfort
- Cooling or heating
- Basic foods/snacks
- Charging stations
The plan lists the below supplies and equipment that may be needed for Personal Care Site operations. This list may change dependent on the type of hazard or threat and the population served. Note that MHL does not have all these supplies on hand, and would have to be provisioned if it is deemed necessary for a particular emergency.
- Plastic gloves
- First aid supplies
- Sterile/bottle water
- Hand sanitizer
- Baby Formula
Memorial Hall Library has proved to be a valuable Personal Care Site in the past, because it offers the below services and support:
- ADA compliance
- Experience with functional needs support
- Relatively stable power
- Central location with parking available
- Public awareness of location
- Knowledgeable, helpful, customer-service oriented staff, familiar with the community
- Wireless Internet access for citizens' devices
- Public fax, photocopiers, scanner, and printers
- Library telephones could be used by patrons, as needed
- Tables and seating for approximately 250+ people (more if chairs in Memorial Hall are used)
- Water, bathrooms, heat and cooling, as long as power is not lost
- Many electrical outlets for people to charge their devices so they can stay connected to families and jobs
- Public networked computers with access to email, the Internet, productivity software, etc.
- Books, magazines, newspapers, DVDs etc. to keep people occupied
- Cable television to keep people informed and entertained, in Memorial Hall, the Activity Room, and the Teen Room
- Gathering places for information sharing and visiting
- Reference staff who can research what services are available locally and serve as an information portal, with input from and to the EMWG.
- Children's Room which can offer Children's programs and a place for children and parents to gather, read, and play
- A Teen Room to serve as a place for Teens to safely gather and have access to materials, computers, and programs
- Proximity to the Public Safety Center and businesses downtown
- Refrigeration for medications, if deemed necessary
- Meeting Room space for citizen groups, town agencies, aid town staff, etc.
- A detailed print and online Disaster Plan
- Participation in the Town's Emergency Management Planning Group
What is MHL currently lacking as a Personal Care Site and what organizations might fill that gap?
- Showers – possibly churches, schools and gyms could open their facilities to residents
- Food – we can supply coffee, juice, cookies, etc. but would need outside support to obtain and serve meals
- Baby formula and other necessities for babies
- Medical help – if necessary, the Health Department could help with medication dispersal, basic first aid, etc.
- Transportation – residents without cars who aren't on a bus line and who want to visit the Personal Care Site would need help in getting to the Library
What are the most important things the Library needs to function as a Personal Care Site that it may need help to acquire?
- Power – if the Library loses power, the Town Manager and the Emergency Management Working Group (EMWG) should work with National Grid to restore power to the library as quickly as possible. Hopefully, the Library would be at or near the top of the list for power restoration efforts
- Staff – all efforts must be made to get Library or other Town staff to the Library to support citizens within the building, by phone, and electronically
- Food/snacks and water for citizens of all ages
What role might other organizations play in helping the Library serve residents in an emergency?
- YMCA, gyms with power, etc. could allow residents without power to shower on their premises
- Nearby banks might allow people to park in their lots during emergencies
- EMWG might supply the Library with essentials like bottled water for distribution
- Town staff and the MA Medical Reserve Corps could help with distribution of supplies
What decisions might we make in advance to make the library more effective as a Personal Care Site?
- Not charge for parking
- Stockpile power strips, games for kids, tissues, toiletries, etc.
- Secure permission of banks to use their parking lots
- If roads are a problem, consider ways to get staff to get to the Library
- Plan for custodians in closed buildings to be temporarily assigned to the Library
- Offer to refrigerate medications
- Water distribution/Ice distribution (into residents own containers)
- Write sample notices that can be edited for PR distribution
What should we consider doing in the future to make the Library more reliable as a Comfort Center?
- Generator upgrade or mobile generator capability
Are there any costs we should keep track of for reimbursement?
- Staff overtime
- Water, food costs
What did we learn in the Halloween Storm of 2011 and the Ice Storm of 2008?
- People came to the library because they knew it had power, water, space, and wireless Internet access to stay connected and charge their devices
- People will sit on the floor to be near an outlet
- People are very well-behaved in an emergency – quiet, sharing, cooperative, appreciative
- People stay until about 7pm, and then go home. We may want to stay open until 7pm on Friday, Sat, and Sun during an emergency. We are already staffed Monday-Thursday, 9am-9pm
- Staff likes to feel that they are helping people and are very accommodating
- Being helpful in such a direct way during an emergency is excellent PR for both the Library and the Town
Beth Mazin, Library Director, amended 11/19/15